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Re: Using filter passwd

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Re: Using filter passwd

On Tue, 2011-05-24 at 15:17 +0200, Hugo Deprez wrote:
> I need to specify user by user who can have access to each server.
> In order to achieve this in our ldap we created a host attribute for
> each user. 
> When I used libpam-ldap I used the following syntax
> (/etc/pam_ldap.conf) :
> pam_filter | (host=server1)(host=all)
> With libpam-ldapd  (/etc/nslcd.conf) I tried the following :
> filter passwd (| (host=server1)(host=all))

The replacement for pam_filter is pam_authz_search. It is a little more
flexible than pam_filter. You probably want something like


which allows the host attribute to contain "all", the current host name
or the fully qualified domain name.

You could also do the same with "filter passwd" but you cannot use
$hostname and $fqdn then. You also have to specify "filter shadow" then
because otherwise pam_unix could give you problems.

I have a personal preference to do expose all users through NSS but to
do the filtering in PAM because it is easier to avoid uid clashes and it
avoids problems with NFS or other means of sharing files between
machines that do and don't allow access. If you have a huge directory of
users limiting the users exposed through NSS could be a good idea though
to speed things up.

> The issue is that I created a test user in the service2 with the
> attribute of the host, but the ssh login failed.
> This work for my user which is in o=service1,ou=Users
> nslcd: [b0dc51] DEBUG: connection from pid=21377 uid=0 gid=0
> nslcd: [b0dc51] DEBUG: nslcd_shadow_byname(hugo.test)
> nslcd: [b0dc51] DEBUG: myldap_search(base="dc=exemple,dc=org", 
> filter="(&(objectClass=shadowAccount)(uid=hugo.test))")
> nslcd: [b0dc51] DEBUG: ldap_initialize(ldaps://
> nslcd: [b0dc51] DEBUG: ldap_simple_bind_s(NULL,NULL) 
> (uri="ldaps://")
> nslcd: [b0dc51] DEBUG: ldap_result(): end of results
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: connection from pid=21377 uid=0 gid=0
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: nslcd_pam_authc("hugo.test","","sshd","***")
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: myldap_search(base="dc=exemple,dc=org", filter="(&(| 
> (host=mut)(host=host1))(uid=hugo.test))")
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: 
> myldap_search(base="uid=hugo.test,ou=Users,o=service2,dc=exemple,dc=org", 
> filter="(| (host=mut)(host=host1))")
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: ldap_initialize(ldaps://
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: 
> ldap_simple_bind_s("uid=hugo.test,ou=Users,o=service2,dc=exemple,dc=org","***")
>  (uri="ldaps://")
> nslcd: [495cff] ldap_result() failed: No such object
> nslcd: [495cff] lookup of user 
> uid=hugo.test,ou=Users,o=service2,dc=exemple,dc=org failed: No such object
> nslcd: [495cff] DEBUG: ldap_unbind()

The problem is probably that the user is not allowed to search it's own
entity. For password modification it is usually a good idea to let an
LDAP user modify it's own userPassword attribute.

After connecting as the user nslcd tries to perform a search for the
user's DN to ensure that a valid LDAP connection is available. It is
this search that is failing in the log above.

-- arthur - - --
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